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The Lithuanian Jews, Litvaks, performed an immense and specific position not just in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, yet in a much wider context of Jewish existence and tradition in jap Europe, too. The altering global round them on the finish of the 19th century and through the 1st many years of the 20 th had a profound influence not just at the Jewish groups, but in addition on a parallel global of the "others," that's, those that lived with them aspect through part. Exploring and demonstrating this improvement from a variety of angles is likely one of the subject matters and goals of this e-book. one other is the research of the Shoah, which ended the centuries of Jewish tradition in Lithuania: an international of its personal had vanished inside months. This publication, for that reason, "recalls" that vanished global. In doing so, it sheds new mild on what has been misplaced. The papers provided during this assortment have been added on the overseas meetings in Nida (1997) and Tel?iai (2001), Lithuania. contributors got here from Israel, america, nice Britain, Poland, Russia, Belarus, Germany, and Lithuania.

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Extra resources for The Vanished World of Lithuanian Jews (On the Boundary of Two Worlds: Identity, Freedom, and Moral Imagination in the Baltics, 1)

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Many were struck too by the Jews’ moral decline. The fact that the problem was widely acknowledged did not mean that there were exactly identical conceptions of why this was so or how the problem should be remedied. The liberal section of the bureaucracy attributed the bad conditions facing the Jews to historical circumstances such as the state of western European Jewry in the Middle Ages, the former “Polish” state’s policy towards the Jews, unsuitable imperial Russian legislation and so on. 22 Changes in the Political Situation Those who held such views came to the logical conclusion that some or most Jewish economic and public activities should be abolished as should restrictions on Jewish rights of abode and then the position of this ethnoconfessional group would change and bring benefits not only to Jews but also to the whole Empire.

12 In other words, Nazimov’s attitudes towards reform of the conditions facing Jews have not been analysed in depth so far by scholars. The Jewish policy promoted by civil servants in the North West Province cannot be researched in isolation as in every case civil servants in Petersburg, Moscow and the so-called “Lithuanian” gubernias considered primarily how reform of Jewish conditions would affect other imperial subjects. Therefore it is very important to uncover the change in Nazimov’s ethno-political agenda in the period under review.

K istorii evreev v Rossii v epokhu Aleksandra I,” Knižki Voskhoda, XXX, 2. Russkii Evrei, 32–35 (1882). L. (1881), Zapiska prichinakh bezporiadkov na iuge Rossii, predstavlennaia Ego Siiatel’stvu grafu Kutaisovu, Odessa. Stanislawski, M. (1983), Tsar Nicholas I and the Jews: The Transformation of Jewish Society in Russia, 1825–1855, Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America. Stern, S. (1950), The Court Jew, Philadelphia. Trudy gubernskikh kommisii po evreiskomu voprosu. I: Gubernii: Vilenskaia, Kovenskaia, Grodnenskaia, Vitebskaia, Mogilevskaia, Minskaia, Sankt Peterburg 1884.

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