By Karl Popper
Title note: First released in 1934, in German, with the identify Logik der Forschung. It used to be "reformulated" into English in 1959.
First released in English in 1959, Karl Popper's The common sense of medical Discovery revolutionized modern brooding about technological know-how and data and is among the most generally learn books approximately technological know-how written final century.
Described by means of the thinker AJ Ayer as 'a paintings of significant originality and power', Popper provides the 2 principles that did greater than anything to make him well-known: that the one actual wisdom is clinical wisdom and that wisdom grows in simple terms while on trying out a idea, it may be proven to be fake. Popper's now mythical doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the medical neighborhood, influencing even the tools of operating scientists. It additionally had a profound impact at the form of put up struggle philosophy.
Translated into many languages, it ranks along The Open Society and Its Enemies as one among Popper's such a lot enduring and well-known books and comprises insights and arguments that call for to be learn to at the present time.
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Additional info for The Logic of Scientific Discovery (2nd Edition) (Routledge Classics)
Wiener: The Aim and Structure of Physical Theory, Princeton, 1954) holds pronounced deductivist views. (*But there are also inductivist views to be found in Duhem’s book, for example in the third chapter, Part One, where we are told that only experiment, induction, and generalization have produced Descartes’s law of refraction; cf. the English translation, p. ) So does V. Kraft, Die Grundformen der Wissenschaftlichen Methoden, 1925; see also Carnap, Erkenntnis 2, 1932, p. 440. 5 7 8 the logic of science us.
But this reconstruction would not describe these processes as they actually happen: it can give only a logical skeleton of the procedure of testing. Still, this is perhaps all that is meant by those who speak of a ‘rational reconstruction’ of the ways in which we gain knowledge. It so happens that my arguments in this book are quite independent of this problem. However, my view of the matter, for what it is worth, is that there is no such thing as a logical method of having new ideas, or a logical reconstruction of this process.
But the question is: what, precisely, do we want to reconstruct? If it is the processes involved in the stimulation and release of an inspiration which are to be reconstructed, then I should refuse to take it as the task of the logic of knowledge. Such processes are the concern of empirical psychology but hardly of logic. It is another matter if we want to reconstruct rationally the subsequent tests whereby the inspiration may be discovered to be a discovery, or become known to be knowledge. In so far as the scientist critically judges, alters, or rejects his own inspiration we may, if we like, regard the methodological analysis undertaken here as a kind of ‘rational reconstruction’ of the corresponding thoughtprocesses.