By James H. Charlesworth

The restoration of 800 records within the 11 caves at the northwest seashores of the lifeless Sea is among the such a lot sensational archeological discoveries within the Holy Land up to now. those 3 volumes, some of the best of serious scholarship, reveal intimately how the scrolls have revolutionized our wisdom of the textual content of the Bible, the nature of moment Temple Judaism, and the Jewish beginnings of Christianity.

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Additional info for The Bible and the Dead Sea Scrolls: Vol 1: Scripture and the Scrolls

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Has quoted the Bible at this point; that is, he quotes what we call 1 Sam 11:1. His quotation is perfectly in line with the Qumran text (Ant. 1). , Josephus took a version of the text of Samuel with him to Rome from Jerusalem, and that this version is the one we now know existed before 70 and was known to the Qumranites. It seems obvious that Titus allowed Josephus to take manuscripts from Jerusalem to Rome (cf. 12 We have clearly seen how the Qumran copies of the Hebrew Scriptures can sometimes help us restore and improve the Hebrew texts.

They also help us, for example, to understand the origins of the hymns that helped shape the Lucan infancy narrative and the hymns in Paul’s letters and the letters attributed to him. E. was certainly not orthodox, there was a central base of authority: the Temple. E. , the sacerdotal aristocracy became exceptionally powerful. Why? It was not only because of the centrality of Jerusalem and the Temple in world Jewry; it was also because of the vast resources and pilgrims that poured into the Temple.

Ulrich for demonstrating this point to me. See his “The Agreement of Josephus with 4QSama,” in The Qumran Text of Samuel and Josephus (HSM 19; Missoula, MT: Scholars Press, 1978), 165–91. 16 DISCOVERY AND CHALLENGE TO B IBLICAL STUDIES There is more to be said. Josephus reported that there were two types of Essenes. One type consisted of those who lived on the outskirts of most cities and villages in the Land and married. The other type of Essenes was extremely strict and did not marry. Only the latter group seems to apply to Qumran.

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