By OECD Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Develop

OECD experiences of Innovation coverage provide a entire evaluation of the innovation approach of person OECD member and non-member international locations, concentrating on the function of coverage and govt. The chinese language govt has introduced a countrywide technique to construct an innovation-driven economic system and society via 2020. Will China have the ability to achieve making this tough transition? This file assesses the present prestige of Chinas nationwide innovation approach and regulations, and recommends advancements required in either the coverage and institutional environments for China to achieve selling innovation via a market-based approach.

Table of content material :

Introduction govt precis half I. SYNTHESIS record half II. THEMATIC CHAPTERS bankruptcy 1. Institutional Set-Up, functionality, targets and Key demanding situations -Annex 1.A. China's Innovation coverage based on the ecu pattern Chart Innovation coverage approach bankruptcy 2. Innovation and R&D in China's enterprise region bankruptcy three. China's Public examine Institutes bankruptcy four. and technology family -Annex 4.A1. comparability of Tsinghua college and Chongqing college -Annex 4.A2. The Shanghai Institutes for organic Sciences (SIB), CAS -Annex 4.A3. Incubators in Shanghai -Annex 4.A4. Shanghai Yangpu Incubator -Annex 4.A5. Networking company Incubators bankruptcy five. China and the Globalisation of analysis and improvement bankruptcy 6. Human assets for technological know-how, know-how and Innovation in China bankruptcy 7. neighborhood Innovation platforms in China: Insights from Shanghai, Sichuan and Liaoning bankruptcy eight. The Evolution of China's technological know-how and know-how coverage 1975-2007 bankruptcy nine. Framework stipulations for Innovation bankruptcy 10. Governance and the function of presidency within the chinese language nationwide Innovation method bankruptcy eleven. chinese language learn and improvement Programmes for technological know-how and know-how half III. ANNEXES Annex A. Statistical Annex Annex B. neighborhood Innovation structures and coverage in Chengdu, Province of Sichuan Annex C. 3 Case reports on overseas R&D actions in China Annex D. Public Procurement and Innovation: OECD adventure and Reflections on China Annex E. Bureaucratic procedure and Negotiation community: A Theoretical Framework for China's business coverage Annex F. China's regulations for Encouraging the Indigenous Innovation of companies Annex G. Agendas -Final convention at the evaluate of China's nationwide Innovation process: household demanding situations and worldwide Integration -High point overseas enterprise Symposium on China and R&D Globalisation: Integration and Mutual Benefits

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Section II then analyses the current weaknesses of the national innovation system, and Section III shows how the Chinese government is addressing these weaknesses and accelerating progress through specific S&T and innovation policies. Framework conditions for innovation – large scope for improvement Education The Chinese education system is oriented towards passive learning and exam-based performance. Apart from supplying the required skills, China’s education system needs to give more attention to fostering students’ innovative thinking, creativity and entrepreneurship.

Today, China is the world’s fourth largest economy. It is home to about one-fifth of the world’s population and is regaining its former historic place in the world economy. • Economic growth has led to a significant increase in income per capita, and an impressive reduction in poverty levels has given large numbers of people the opportunity to escape extreme poverty. Nonetheless, compared to the OECD average, China’s GDP per capita is still low. • China is now a major destination for foreign direct investment (FDI).

China is now the leading exporter of ICT (billion USD) 100 250 80 200 Instruments Radio / TV / communication equipt 60 Japan Korea China (excluding Hong Kong) Unites States EU-15 150 Office machinery Pharmaceuticals 40 100 Air / spacecraft 50 20 0 0 1996 1999 2002 1996 2005 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 Source: OECD. Source: MOST. Figure 14. 4 0 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 Source: MOST. Figure 15. Foreign-owned firms are the dominant and increasing source of high-tech exports but are generally less R&D intensive than domestic ones R&D intensity in domestic and foreign-invested manufacturing enterprises, 2003 Chinese high-tech exports by ownership (%) Electrical machinery and equipment 100 Medicines Foreign-owned firms 80 General purpose machinery Others Sino-foreign owned Communication, computer, other electronic equipment Sino-foreign cooperatives 40 State-owned 20 All firms Special purpose machinery Foreign owned 60 Domestic firms Transport equipment Chemical raw material and chemical products Measuring instruments, machinery for cultural and office work 0 Processing of ferrous metals 1996 1999 2002 2005 0 Source: MOST.

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