By Hyunjoon Park, Kyung-keun Kim
This edited quantity deals a entire survey of Korean schooling in transition. Divided into 3 components, the e-book first assesses the present nation of Korean schooling. It examines how the tutorial approach handles the results of family members history and gender in supporting scholars easily transition from college to the exertions industry.
Next, the publication introduces becoming issues over no matter if the conventional version of Korean schooling can accurately meet the calls for of the rising knowledge-based economic system. It examines gains of recent reform measures which have been brought to assist Korean schooling arrange scholars for the hot financial system.
The 3rd half discusses how an inflow of numerous migrant teams, together with marriage migrants, migrant employees, and North Korean migrants, and the emerging divorce fee — significant demographic alterations— problem the elemental assumption of cultural homogeneity that has lengthy been part of Korean education.
This precise research of a society and academic approach in transition will entice quite a lot of readers, from these concerned with Korean schooling to educators and directors in international locations at present trying to find how you can deal with their very own financial and demographic changes.
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Additional info for Korean Education in Changing Economic and Demographic Contexts
Seoul: Author [In Korean]. Korea National Statistical Office. (2009). The survey of private education expenditures in 2008. Seoul: Korea National Statistical Office. Lee, M. (2007). A discourse on education: An analysis of the attitude of middle-class Korean mothers on the education of their children. Korean Journal of Sociology of Education, 17(3), 159–181 [In Korean]. Lee, C. , & Adams, D. ). (2010). Sixty years of Korean education. Seoul: SNU PRESS. Ministry of Education. (1998). Fifty years of history of Korean education.
Using individual growth models, Park et al. , tutoring experience, hours spent in tutoring, and amount spent for tutoring) had strong positive effects on the achievement gains in math during middle school years. By contrast, using the same data but more rigorous methods including instrumental variables, PSM, and nonparametric bounding, Kang and Lee (2010) found that household expenditure on tutoring had positive but modest effects on test scores in Korean language, English, and math. In summary, emerging research in Korea reports varying results regarding shadow education effects, depending on the data set, operational definitions of shadow education and academic achievement, and statistical models used.
Despite the scale and intensity of shadow education illustrated thus far, a systemic assessment of its impact on academic achievement had not been carried out until very recently in Korea due largely to a lack of reliable data. However, during the past decade, several government-funded research institutes have begun to gather nationally representative data on educational experiences inside and outside the family, as well as within schools in Korea. This recent large-scale survey effort has increasingly allowed researchers to examine who seeks shadow education and whether the use of shadow education makes a difference in academic achievement.