By Roy E. Appleman
After its winning touchdown at Inchon and seize of Seoul in September 1950, the U.S. X Corps was once joined via 8th military, and plenty of humans anticipated the 2 instructions to be mixed into one. in its place, common MacArthur ordered the X Corps to load onto ships and shuttle round the peninsula to northeastern Korea and the port urban of Wonsan, which the South Korean I Corps had captured. significant parts of X Corps have been to maneuver west from their positions in northeast Korea and lower the provision strains of chinese language troops anticipated to go the Yalu and confront 8th military. different components of X Corps could push north towards the border and therefore regulate all of Korea. Neither objective used to be met. Escaping the seize tells what occurred whilst X Corps chanced on that the chinese language had crossed the Yalu unseen and marched speedily to Chosin Reservoir, the place they landed a shock assault opposed to the first Marine department and the army's thirty first Regimental strive against group of the seventh Infantry department. The chinese language assault in overdue November 1950 nearly annihilated the thirty first RCT east of Chosin, whereas the first Marine department made an break out via treacherous terrain and a forty-mile roadblock, pushing directly to the coast and the enormous evacuation of X Corps from North Korea. Roy E. Appleman's learn of the daily files of X Corps and of released fabric and his interviews and correspondence with survivors make the total tale of this part of the Korean battle on hand for the 1st time.
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Extra info for Escaping the Trap: The Us Army X Corps in Northeast Korea, 1950 (Texas a and M University Military History Series, 14)
He was careful in choosing subordinates and was considered a cautious, conservative commander. He favored night attacks and stressed infantry use of grenades and bayonets. His soldiers fought some of the hardest battles of Page 19 the Chinese civil war. In the course of that struggle, Chen Yi bought off many Nationalist generals and took whole Nationalist divisions into his own ranks. Many of these former Nationalist divisions entered Korea as part of the IX Army Group with their American weapons.
Chang Jen Chu (or Len-chu) commanded the 26th Army; and Gen. Chen Yi-fu commanded the 27th Army. The IX Army Group entered Korea from Manchuria during November 1950. The 42nd Army of the Fourth Field Army had previously entered Korea during October and had proceeded to the Chosin Reservoir area as east-flank protection for the main force that had attacked American and ROK troops north of the Chongchon River in the west. But between 15 and 20 November, the 42nd Army left the Chosin area and moved southwest toward Tokchon to join its parent unit, the XIII Army Group of the Fourth Field Army, which had massed against the Eighth Army.
But the next day MacArthur changed these instructions. Almond was ordered to attack north instead of west if Eighth Army captured Pyongyang in the meantime, which now seemed increasingly likely. On 19 October General Almond received the final order for X Corps to attack north in the eastern part of Korea, parallel to Eighth Army's advance in the west, with the watershed of the Taebaek Range as the boundary between them. The reason for this change was that, by then, the planned X Corps attack westward would have been useless.