By Janet Torma-Krajewski Ph.D., Lisa J. Steiner, Robin Nurgess-Limerick Ph.D.
The aim of this record is to supply details on imposing a winning ergonomics strategy that's a part of the organizational tradition. part I describes the elemental parts of the method after which discusses the significance of worker participation within the implementation technique. part II describes how 3 mining businesses carried out ergonomics techniques, together with classes realized. Interventions carried out through the mining businesses are provided in part III, besides info on alterations to soreness degrees at one of many businesses. part IV describes quite a few instruments used whilst imposing the methods, whereas part V specializes in education, together with a presentation for administration that promotes the worth of ergonomics approaches.
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Extra info for Ergonomics Processes: Implementation Guide and Tools for the Mining Industry
Fairwater Mine Type of intervention Existing equipment or work station modified No. : Taylor Mine Type of intervention Existing equipment or work station modified No. : Taylor Mine—Continued Type of intervention New equipment purchased— Continued No. of associates affected 5 6 7 5 6 New seats purchased Elimination of equipment Work practice modified PPE 16 6 1 5 5 5 Brief description of intervention • New pickup trucks replaced Army surplus vehicles, which reduced whole-body vibration levels • Electric grease guns replaced manually operated grease guns, eliminating repetitive motions • Elevator installed in new dry plant, which replaced the need to climb stairs while carrying tools • Automatic parts washer replaced manual washing of parts, eliminating exposures to forceful exertions, repetitive motions, and stooped postures • Hinged screen covers replaced covers that had to be manually lifted off the screen housing, reducing forceful exertions • Replaced seat in drill to improve postures and reduce whole-body vibration levels • Railcars with trough hatches removed from service • Modified method to open bulk bags to eliminate stooping and leaning into bag • Antivibration gloves purchased for constructing bucket elevators • Welding helmets with autodarkening lens replaced helmets with regular dark lens • Shoe insoles provided to maintenance workers to reduce discomfort when standing/walking on concrete floors Vulcan Materials Co.
An example of a generic process for improving tasks is shown in Figure 5. If an exposure cannot be resolved, then it should be reviewed later as additional information or options become available. • Track and document progress to demonstrate the benefits of the process, share interventions, and communicate lessons learned. • Integrate ergonomics with other processes that affect worker safety and health, such as purchasing decisions, work schedules, modifications to existing facilities/equipment, and procedures.
Another constructive approach may be to quantify exposure levels to risk factors before and after implementing an intervention. For a lifting task, for example, the amount of weight lifted during a work shift may be measured before and after an intervention has been applied. Other examples include posture improvements, reducing the distance objects are carried, and reducing the number of repetitions performed. Other more technical tools that could be used to show reduced exposures include Rapid Upper Limb Assessment [McAtamney and Corlett 1993], Rapid Entire Body Assessment [Hignett and McAtamney 2000], the Revised NIOSH Lifting Equation [Waters et al.