By C. F. W. Higham
Encyclopedia of historical Asian Civilization is a brand new and interesting addition to evidence On File's sequence of encyclopedias of historical heritage. It covers historical Asia from the Jomon tradition in Japan in nearly 11,000 BCE during the Cambodian empires of Funan, Chenla, and Angkor that lasted till the fifteenth century. in lots of circumstances - for instance the states of Champa in present-day Vietnam that are purely defined in French and Vietnamese texts and the Dvaravati nation of relevant. Thailand that is top lined within the Thai language - the civilizations coated have so far been handled merely marginally in English literature. Written by way of one of many preeminent specialists within the box, this encyclopedia is the right source for prime university and faculty scholars gaining knowledge of the topic in addition to an invaluable scholarly reference. all the eleven, area-specific sections starts with an overview of the region's old historical past, via A-to-Z entries that conceal archaeological websites; agricultural and financial improvement; personalities and political associations; in addition to articles on faith, exchange, conflict, and different vital subject matters. The 11 sections are: 1. The Civilization of China; 2. The Indus Civilization; three. The Civilizations of India; four. The Civilizations of Sri Lanka; five. The Civilizations of Burma; 6. Thailand: the Civilization of Dvaravati; 7. Cambodia: Funan, Chenla, and Angkor; eight. Champa, Vietnam; nine. The Maritime states of island Southeast Asia; 10. The Civilization of Korea; eleven. The Civilization of Japan
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Ancient Asian Civilizations (Facts on File Library of World History)
He was known for his generosity to Buddhist establishments but also favored Hindu deities. Anandacandra is best known as the author of a major addition to an inscription from SHIT-THAUNG, which sets out the names of his 18 predecessors and describes the origin of the royal line with the god Siva. His capital was located at VESALI, a huge walled city surrounded by a moat and containing a walled palace precinct. His inscriptions record his foundation of Buddhist monasteries and reliquaries, together with donations of land, slaves, and draft animals.
The Ganges is said to emerge from the golden elephant gate at the eastern end of the lake. The Sindhu (Indus) leaves the lake through the silver ox gate at the southern bank. The Vaksu (Amu Dar’ya or Oxus) originates via the horse gate at the west, and the Sita (Tarim River) begins at the lion gate on the northern bank. The lake was crystal clear, with no turbidity. Early Buddhist sources declare that the lake could be visited only by the enlightened. Early texts 12 Anawrahta ascribe various qualities to its water.
The rice was probably ground on milling stones, and wooden pounders have been recovered. Wood was also converted into cups and bowls, along with ceramic vessels whose styles relate to those typical of the earlier Yayoi on Kyushu sites to the west. Burials in the settlement were found in special ditched enclosures, each probably representing a social unit at the site. The dead were interred in wooden-plank coffins, but there are insufficient findings to account for the duration of the settlement, and it is likely that poorer members of the community were buried with less ceremony beyond the confines of the village.