By Allen Strange

Really various from its mother or father self-discipline

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We will return to this idea in Chapter 11. You may recall that nil is a representation for false, so (curiously) a list with no elements can be written as nil, {}, or #f. Lists that consist of one level of a list cell chain are called flat lists. When a list contains another list, it is referred to as a nested list. An example of a nested list is {c-major {c e g}}. The top-level of the chain of list cells contains two elements: the symbol c-major and the list {c e g}. This second top-level element contains three elements, namely the symbols c, e, and g.

4) = 5”, which might not be the intended computation! Also, notice that, while in some languages 0 (zero) means “false,” in SAL, “0” is not nil (or false), so “! 0” is false. Finally, remember that even the ! operator needs to be separated from the following expression by at least one space. 17: The ! operator SAL> print ! 4 = 5 #f SAL> print ! (4 = 5) #t SAL> print ! 1 #f SAL> print ! 6 User-Defined Functions To build programs that solve complex problems, it is necessary to write your own functions.

0” is false. Finally, remember that even the ! operator needs to be separated from the following expression by at least one space. 17: The ! operator SAL> print ! 4 = 5 #f SAL> print ! (4 = 5) #t SAL> print ! 1 #f SAL> print ! 6 User-Defined Functions To build programs that solve complex problems, it is necessary to write your own functions. User-defined functions may be used just like the SAL primitives. The template to define a function is: define function function-name(optional-inputs) begin commands end Note: the word define is optional, but we use it throughout this book to remind the reader that this is a function definition.

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