By Robert E. Emery

Whereas the formal definition of divorce can be concise and easy (legal termination of a marital union, dissolving bonds of matrimony among parties), the consequences are something yet, really whilst kids are concerned. The american citizens for Divorce Reform estimates that "40 or in all likelihood even 50 percentage of marriages will result in divorce if present developments continue." outdoors the united states, divorce premiums have markedly elevated throughout constructed international locations. Divorce and its results are an important social think about our tradition and others. it would be acknowledged complete "divorce undefined" has been built, with divorce attorneys and mediators, kinfolk counselors, help teams, and so on. As King Henry VIII's divorces confirmed, divorce has no longer consistently been effortless or accredited. In a few international locations, divorce isn't accredited or even in Europe, international locations corresponding to Spain, Italy, Portugal, and the Republic of eire legalized divorce in basic terms within the latter zone of the 20 th century. This multi-disciplinary encyclopedia covers curricular matters on the topic of divorce as tested by way of disciplines starting from marriage and the relatives to anthropology, social and felony background, developmental and scientific psychology, and faith, throughout a lens of cultural sociology.


  • 550 signed entries, A-to-Z, fill three volumes (1,500 pages) in print and digital codecs, supplying the main designated reference paintings on hand on matters regarding divorce, either within the U.S. and globally.
  • Cross-References and extra Readings advisor readers to extra resources.
  • A Chronology presents scholars with context through a historic standpoint of divorce.
  • In the digital model, the great Index combines with Cross-References and thematic Reader's consultant subject matters to supply handy search-and-browse capabilities.
  • For country and kingdom entries, uniform access constitution mixed with an abundance of data enables comparability among and throughout states and nations.
  • Appendices supply extra annotated resources of knowledge and statistics.

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Example text

Chronology xxxv 1965: Psychologist Elliott Jacques coins the term midlife crisis in his article “Death and Middle Life,” published in the International Journal of Psychoanalysis. 1966: In England, a commission appointed by the Archbishop of Canterbury produces the report Putting Asunder, which paves the way for divorce reform in England. 1966: George Levinger publishes “Sources of Marital Dissatisfaction Among Applicants for Divorce” in the American Journal of Orthopsychiatry; in this article he presents evidence that husbands and wives perceive reasons for divorce, and marital problems in general, differently.

Through this research, Bowlby identified the presence of both secure and insecure attachment in children with their caregivers. Mary Ainsworth and her colleagues developed Bowlby’s work, identifying three primary attachment styles that children develop depending on early availability and consistency of caregiving during the first year of life: secure, anxious, and avoidant. Both the anxious and avoidant attachment styles are forms of insecure attachment. Children with anxious attachment tend to be pursuers of others’ reassurance and attention and avoidantly attached children tend to avoid emotional connection or closeness with others.

This relates to fear of abandonment in that children who have experienced an attachment injury related to abandonment in the past may become hypervigilant to future situations that represent departure of an attachment figure. These emotional memories of abandonment will continue to influence perceptions of future situations unless the attachment injury is able to be healed. Examples of ways healing can occur include reconciliation with the past relationship or through developing new, secure attachment relationships.

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