By Anne Myers Kelley
An advent to at least one of the elemental instruments in chemical research?spectroscopy and photophysics in condensed-phase and prolonged systems
A good deal of contemporary learn in chemistry and fabrics technology comprises the interplay of radiation with condensed-phase structures resembling molecules in beverages and solids in addition to molecules in additional advanced media, molecular aggregates, metals, semiconductors, and composites. Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics used to be built to fill the necessity for a textbook that introduces the fundamentals of conventional molecular spectroscopy with a robust emphasis on condensed-phase structures. It additionally examines optical procedures in prolonged structures comparable to metals, semiconductors, and carrying out polymers, and addresses the original optical homes of nanoscale systems.
Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics starts with an creation to quantum mechanics that units an outstanding origin for figuring out the text's next themes, including:
- Electromagnetic radiation and radiation-matter interactions
- Molecular vibrations and infrared spectroscopy
- Electronic spectroscopy
- Photophysical methods and light-weight scattering
- Nonlinear and pump-probe spectroscopies
- Electron move processes
Each bankruptcy includes difficulties starting from basic to complicated, allowing readers to progressively construct their abilities and problem-solving talents. Written for upper-level undergraduate and graduate classes in actual and fabrics chemistry, this article is uniquely designed to equip readers to unravel a large array of present difficulties and demanding situations in chemistry.
Chapter 1 evaluate of Time?Independent Quantum Mechanics (pages 1–30):
Chapter 2 Electromagnetic Radiation (pages 31–45):
Chapter three Radiation–Matter Interactions (pages 47–66):
Chapter four Absorption and Emission of sunshine (pages 67–77):
Chapter five System–Bath Interactions (pages 79–101):
Chapter 6 Symmetry issues (pages 103–114):
Chapter 7 Molecular Vibrations and Infrared Spectroscopy (pages 115–138):
Chapter eight digital Spectroscopy (pages 139–162):
Chapter nine Photophysical strategies (pages 163–190):
Chapter 10 gentle Scattering (pages 191–214):
Chapter eleven Nonlinear and Pump–Probe Spectroscopies (pages 215–237):
Chapter 12 Electron move tactics (pages 239–250):
Chapter thirteen Collections of Molecules (pages 251–261):
Chapter 14 Metals and Plasmons (pages 263–276):
Chapter 15 Crystals (pages 277–289):
Chapter sixteen digital Spectroscopy of Semiconductors (pages 291–303):
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Extra resources for Condensed-Phase Molecular Spectroscopy and Photophysics
Levine, Quantum Chemistry, 6th edition (Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ, 2009). D. A. McQuarrie, Quantum Chemistry, 2nd edition (University Science Books, Mill Valley, CA, 2008). J. J. Sakurai, Modern Quantum Mechanics, revised edition (Addison-Wesley, New York, 1993). Problems 27 PROBLEMS 1. Consider a quantum-mechanical system in the state Ψ= 1 (φ1 + 2φ 2 ) , 5 where ϕ1 and ϕ2 are normalized eigenstates of the Hamiltonian with energy eigenvalues E and 2E, respectively. Calculate the expectation value of the energy.
8. Show that the sum of the probability densities of the three 2p hydrogen atom orbitals is spherically symmetric by using the explicit forms for the complex wavefunctions. This is a special case of the general theorem ∑ m=− 2 Ym (θ, ϕ) = constant, known as Unsöld’s theorem. Use this result to show that the sum of the probability densities for all the n = 2 hydrogen atom wavefunctions is spherically symmetric. Do you expect this to hold for other values of n? Explain. 9. Calculate the expectation value of the electron-nuclear separation,
As far as the electrons are concerned, the nuclei appear nearly stationary, and the electrons are always able to “solve” their own wavefunction for each value of the nuclear position. Therefore, to find out what the electrons are doing, it is a good approximation to neglect the nuclear kinetic energy operator in the H +2 Hamiltonian and leave the internuclear separation R as a parameter in the Schrödinger equation for the electronic motion. The energy will depend on this parameter R. If we then want to deal with the motions of the nuclei explicitly, we will have to find the dependence of this energy on the internuclear separation.