By Nikolai M Dronin, Edward G Bellinger
Among 1900 and 1990, there have been numerous classes of grain and different nutrition shortages in Russia and the previous Soviet Union, a few of which reached catastrophe proportions leading to mass famine and demise on an remarkable scale. New shares of knowledge now not formerly available in addition to conventional reliable and different resources were used to discover the level to which coverage and vagaries in weather conspired to impact agricultural yields. have been the leaders' (Stalin, Krushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev) rules sound in conception yet failed in perform as a result of unpredictable climate? How did the Soviet peasants react to those adjustments? What effect did Soviet agriculture have at the total economic system of the rustic? those are all questions which are taken into consideration.
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Additional info for Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900-1990: The Interaction of Climate and Agricultural Policy and Their Effect on Food Problems
In around 1910, the urban population made up 20 percent of the total and required only 7 to 8 percent of the sown crop area to support it. Private farms with a cultivation area of more than 50 hectares provided only 5 percent of the total agricultural production of the country. More than 89 percent of agricultural land belonged to the Russian peasants (Chelintsev, 1928). The majority of the Russian population depended directly on the efficiency of their farming. The economy of the Russian Empire could be identified as 32 Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900–1990 mainly a capitalist market economy, although one in which the state played a considerable role and in which peasant households themselves produced a large part of the food they consumed (Wheatcroft and Davies, 1994).
However, modern experts point out that statistical reliability could not be claimed exclusively by either competitor. They conclude that the grain harvest data provided by the TsSK, much criticized for underestimating production, were reasonably reliable. On the other hand, they argue that some of the data were not so good. ). The absolute levels of pre-war grain production were also the subject of fierce debate after the revolution in 1917. Many Soviet economists and statisticians argued that the official statistics prepared by the TsSK were considerably underestimated.
The different variants of food rations implemented throughout the country are the main indicators of food shortages in these years. Official statistics for food consumption appear distorted. In the 1980s, food problems led to general disillusionment with Socialism because of the lowering food consumption of the Soviet people. , 2000, 2001, 2002) and “The Soviet village through the eyes of VChK–OGPU–NKVD: 1918–1922” (Berelovich and Danilov, 2000). These books are a collection of reports by the KGB (OGPU) on the political, social and economic situation in the Russian villages in the period 1918–1939.