By Nikolai M Dronin, Edward G Bellinger

Among 1900 and 1990, there have been numerous classes of grain and different nutrition shortages in Russia and the previous Soviet Union, a few of which reached catastrophe proportions leading to mass famine and demise on an remarkable scale. New shares of knowledge now not formerly available in addition to conventional reliable and different resources were used to discover the level to which coverage and vagaries in weather conspired to impact agricultural yields. have been the leaders' (Stalin, Krushchev, Brezhnev and Gorbachev) rules sound in conception yet failed in perform as a result of unpredictable climate? How did the Soviet peasants react to those adjustments? What effect did Soviet agriculture have at the total economic system of the rustic? those are all questions which are taken into consideration.

Show description

Read Online or Download Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900-1990: The Interaction of Climate and Agricultural Policy and Their Effect on Food Problems PDF

Best russian & former soviet union books

Over the Wall After the Fall: Post-Communist Cultures Through an East-West Gaze

". .. a scorching topic in brand new scholarship. .. and a groundbreaking venture of important importance to the sector of cultural stories at either 'western' and 'eastern' geographical destinations. " -- Elwira GrossmanOver the Wall/After the autumn maps a brand new discourse at the evolution of cultural lifestyles in jap Europe following the top of communism.

Chiang Kaishek's Last Ambassador to Moscow: The Wartime Diaries of Fu Bingchang

This interesting learn examines wartime Chinese-Soviet family from a Moscow-based, chinese language standpoint on the ambassadorial point. The booklet comprises descriptions of daily life in Moscow, of embassy enterprise, of latest occasions and international relations, of intelligence operations, of conferences with Stalin, and of communications to and from Chongqing.

Conflict in Ukraine: The Unwinding of the Post-Cold War Order

The present clash in Ukraine has spawned the main severe difficulty among Russia and the West because the finish of the chilly struggle. It has undermined eu defense, raised questions about NATO’s destiny, and positioned an finish to at least one of the main formidable initiatives of U. S. overseas policy—building a partnership with Russia.

The Gulag Archipelago 1918-1956: An Experiment in Literary Investigation

Drawing on his personal incarceration and exile, in addition to on facts from greater than two hundred fellow prisoners and Soviet files, Aleksandr I. Solzhenitsyn unearths the total gear of Soviet repression—the nation in the kingdom that governed all-powerfully. via actually Shakespearean snap shots of its victims—men, girls, and children—we come across mystery police operations, exertions camps and prisons; the uprooting or extermination of entire populations, the "welcome" that awaited Russian squaddies who have been German prisoners of conflict.

Additional info for Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900-1990: The Interaction of Climate and Agricultural Policy and Their Effect on Food Problems

Example text

In around 1910, the urban population made up 20 percent of the total and required only 7 to 8 percent of the sown crop area to support it. Private farms with a cultivation area of more than 50 hectares provided only 5 percent of the total agricultural production of the country. More than 89 percent of agricultural land belonged to the Russian peasants (Chelintsev, 1928). The majority of the Russian population depended directly on the efficiency of their farming. The economy of the Russian Empire could be identified as 32 Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900–1990 mainly a capitalist market economy, although one in which the state played a considerable role and in which peasant households themselves produced a large part of the food they consumed (Wheatcroft and Davies, 1994).

However, modern experts point out that statistical reliability could not be claimed exclusively by either competitor. They conclude that the grain harvest data provided by the TsSK, much criticized for underestimating production, were reasonably reliable. On the other hand, they argue that some of the data were not so good. ). The absolute levels of pre-war grain production were also the subject of fierce debate after the revolution in 1917. Many Soviet economists and statisticians argued that the official statistics prepared by the TsSK were considerably underestimated.

The different variants of food rations implemented throughout the country are the main indicators of food shortages in these years. Official statistics for food consumption appear distorted. In the 1980s, food problems led to general disillusionment with Socialism because of the lowering food consumption of the Soviet people. , 2000, 2001, 2002) and “The Soviet village through the eyes of VChK–OGPU–NKVD: 1918–1922” (Berelovich and Danilov, 2000). These books are a collection of reports by the KGB (OGPU) on the political, social and economic situation in the Russian villages in the period 1918–1939.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.82 of 5 – based on 20 votes