By Jacques Prévert
"In the years instantly following global conflict II, Jacques Prevert spoke on to and for the French who had come of age throughout the German profession. First released in 1946 via Les variants de Minuit, a press with its origins within the Underground, Paroles met with huge, immense luck, and there have been numerous hundred thousand copies in print by the point those first translations in English have been released through urban lighting in 1958.
Today Prevert speaks out in a voice nonetheless attuned to our instances, for the human situation (which is often his concentration) has no longer replaced. in truth, man's inhumanity to guy would appear to have intensified, making those poems ever extra touching, ever extra prescient."
By Tracy Adams
The interesting background of Isabeau of Bavaria is a story of 2 queens. in the course of her lifetime, Isabeau, the long-suffering spouse of mad King Charles VI of France, used to be revered and respected. After her loss of life, she was once reviled as an incompetent regent, wicked adulteress, and betrayer of the throne. announcing that there's no ancient aid for this posthumous attractiveness, Tracy Adams returns Isabeau to her rightful position in heritage.
Adulteress and traitor―two fees lengthy leveled opposed to the queen―are the 1st matters of Adam’s reinterpretation of medieval French background. students have concluded that the myths of Isabeau’s scandalous prior are only that: rumors that developed after her demise within the context of a political energy fight. regrettably, this has no longer avoided the lies from discovering their method into revered stories at the interval. Adams’s personal paintings serves as a corrective, rehabilitating the attractiveness of the great queen and exploring the bigger subject of reminiscence and the production of fable.
Adams subsequent demanding situations the overall conception that the queen lacked political acumen. together with her husband incapacitated by way of madness, Isabeau was once pressured to rule a rustic ripped aside through feuding, power-hungry factions. Adams argues that Isabeau dealt with her function astutely in this sort of contentious setting, maintaining the monarchy from the incursions of the king’s robust male relations.
Taking factor with history’s harsh therapy of a girl who governed lower than tricky situations, Adams convincingly recasts Isabeau as a revered and powerfuble queen.
By Terrence Scully
By Jessica Riskin
Empiricism this day implies the dispassionate scrutiny of proof. yet Jessica Riskin unearths that during the French Enlightenment, empiricism used to be in detail certain up with sensibility. In what she calls a "sentimental empiricism," average wisdom used to be taken to leisure on a mix of expertise and emotion.
Riskin argues that sentimental empiricism introduced jointly rules and associations, practices and politics. She exhibits, for example, how the examine of blindness, led through rules concerning the psychological and ethical function of imaginative and prescient and via cataract surgical procedures, formed the 1st tuition for the blind; how Benjamin Franklin's electric physics, ascribing wants to nature, engaged French monetary reformers; and the way the query of the function of language in technology and social lifestyles associated disputes over Antoine Lavoisier's new chemical names to the founding of France's smooth process of civic education.
Recasting the Age of cause through stressing its conjunction with the Age of Sensibility, Riskin deals a wholly new standpoint at the improvement of contemporary technology and the background of the Enlightenment.
By Harlow Giles Unger
Pierre-Augustin Caron de Beaumarchais was once an eighteenth-century French inventor, famed playwright, and upstart near-aristocrat within the courtroom of King Louis XVI. In 1776, he conceived an audacious plan to ship relief to the yankee rebels. What’s extra, he confident the king to bankroll the venture, and singlehandedly carried it out. via war’s finish, he had provided Washington’s military with so much of its guns and powder, although he was once by no means paid or said via the United States.
To a few, he was once a rushing hero—a towering mind who stored the yankee Revolution. To others, he used to be natural rogue—a double-dealing adventurer who stopped at not anything to enhance his popularity and fortune. actually, he was once either, and extra: an consultant to kings, an fingers broker, and writer of a few of the main enduring works of the degree, together with the wedding of Figaro and The Barber of Seville.
By Jacob Soll
"Colbert has lengthy been celebrated as Louis XIV's minister of finance, alternate, and undefined. extra lately, he has been seen as his minister of tradition and propaganda. during this vigorous and persuasive e-book, Jake Soll has given us a 3rd Colbert, the data manager."---Peter Burke, college of Cambridge"Jacob Soll supplies us a highway map drawn from the French country below Colbert. With a gorgeous consciousness to aspect Colbert used wisdom within the carrier of enhancingroyal energy. Jacob Soll's scholarship is impeccable and his tale longoverdue and compelling."---Margaret Jacob, college of California, Los Angeles"Nowadays we know that info is the major to strength, and that the masters of data rule the realm. Jacob Soll teaches us that Jean-Baptiste Colbert had grasped this precept 3 and a part centuries in the past, and used it to build a brand new type of nation. This ingenious, erudite, and powerfully written e-book re-creates the historical past of libraries and files in early glossy Europe, and ties them in a singular and convincing approach to the hot statecraft of Europe's absolute monarchs."---Anthony Grafton, Princeton University"Brilliantly researched, fantastically advised, and well timed, Soll's tale is important for the background of the trendy state."---Keith Baker, Stanford UniversityWhen Louis XIV requested his minister Jean-Baptiste Colbert---the guy who was once to supervise the construction of Versailles and the Royal Academy of Sciences, in addition to the military, the Paris police strength, and French industry---to construct a large-scale administrative govt, Colbert created an exceptional info method for political energy. within the details grasp, Jacob Soll indicates how the legacy of Colbert's encyclopedic culture lies on the very middle of the increase of the trendy country and was once a precursor to commercial intelligence and net seek engines.Soll's leading edge examine Colbert's upward push to energy argues that his perform of gathering wisdom originated from strategies of church scholarship and from Renaissance Italy, the place retailers well-known the facility to be received from merging scholarship, finance, and library technology. together with his connection of interdisciplinary approaches---regarding accounting, country management, files, libraries, service provider suggestions, ecclesiastical tradition, policing, and humanist pedagogy---Soll has written an cutting edge e-book that would redefine not just the historical past of the reign of Louis XIV and data technological know-how but additionally the learn of political and monetary history.Jacob Soll is affiliate Professor of heritage at Rutgers college and the writer of Publishing The Prince: background, analyzing, and the delivery of Political feedback (University of Michigan Press, 2005), and winner of the 2005 Jacques Barzun Prize from the yank Philosophical Society and a 2009 Guggenheim Fellowship. Soll edited a distinct factor of magazine of the heritage of principles titled "The makes use of of historic proof in Early smooth Europe"; has cofounded the web magazine Republics of Letters; and is editor, besides Anthony Grafton and Ann Blair, of the sequence Cultures of data within the Early glossy World.Jacket representation: Jean Baptiste Colbert (1619–1683), Philippe de Champaigne, 1655, The Metropolitan Museum of paintings, present of the Wildenstein beginning, Inc., 1951 (51.34). picture © 2003 The Metropolitan Museum of artwork.
By Christophe Halsberghe
?€ partir d'une approche contrastive de l'oeuvre de Georges Bataille, 'La fascination du Commandeur' montre que los angeles pens?©e fran?§aise, tout au lengthy du XXe si??cle, a tergivers?© entre deux exp?©riences du sacr?© : l'une imm?©diate, ? m??me le corps, l'autre symbolis?©e, passant par l'?©criture. Dans le contexte d'une Troisi??me R?©publique faisant du sacr?© un moyen de recentrement nationwide, Bataille reste tributaire de Durkheim et de Mauss par les difficult?©s qu'il rencontre ? reconna?®tre au sacr?© une size langagi??re. Ses principaux interlocuteurs Breton, Caillois, Leiris, Paulhan, Blanchot, Lacan ne manquent pas d'ailleurs de l'interpeller sur ce element, m??me si certains d'entre eux se montreront ? leur journey ind?©cis sur los angeles query. D'autres, tel Sartre, ?©vacuent ostensiblement l'?©criture mais sans en accomplir le deuil. En somme, il y va ? chaque fois du credo esth?©tique de Proust qui t??t ou tard appara?®tra pour chacun comme une v?©ritable determine de Commandeur. Apr??s los angeles mort de Bataille, le d?©bat demeure d'actualit?© : l'exp?©rience langagi??re du sacr?© animera des d?©bats en psychanalyse (Lacan, Lyotard, Deleuze et Guattari), en philosophie (Derrida, Nancy, Lacoue-Labarthe), en litt?©rature (Blanchot), tout comme elle d?©terminera l'avant-gardisme d'apr??s-guerre, notamment avec le groupe 'Tel Quel'.
By Juliet Grey
A pleasing novel of wealthy spectacle and royal scandal, Days of majesty, Days of Sorrow spans fifteen years within the fateful reign of Marie Antoinette, France’s such a lot mythical and infamous queen.
Paris, 1774. on the soft age of eighteen, Marie Antoinette ascends to the French throne along her husband, Louis XVI. yet in the back of the extravagance of the younger queen’s intricate silk robes and dizzyingly excessive coiffures, she harbors deeper fears for her destiny and that of the Bourbon dynasty.
From the early transforming into pains of marriage to the enjoyment of conceiving a baby, from her ardour for Swedish army attaché Axel von Fersen to the devastating Affair of the Diamond Necklace, Marie Antoinette attempts to upward push above the gossip and rivalries that encircle her. yet as revolution blossoms in the US, a miles greater hazard looms past the gilded gates of Versailles—one which may sweep away the French monarchy perpetually.