By Gary M. Jones and A. Conrad K. Ozóg (Editors)
According to a convention held in Brunei in December in 1991 on bilingualism and nationwide improvement, this ebook positive aspects papers from diverse elements of the globe, and from either the constructed and constructing international. They exhibit how significantly the position of bilingualism varies within the improvement of the country.
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Additional info for Bilingualism and National Development
Language and Oral Traditions in Borneo. Williamsburg, VA: Borneo Research Council. Kedourie, E. (1961) Nationalism. London: Hutchinson. Martin-Jones, M. and Romaine, S. (1984) Semilingualism: A half-baked theory of communicative competence. Paper to the Fourth Nordic Symposium on Bilingualism, Uppsala. Noss, R. (1984) An Overview of Language Issues in South-East Asia: 19501980. Singapore: Oxford University Press. O'Doherty, E. (1958) Bilingual school policy. Studies 47, 25968. Omar, A. (1986) Sociolinguistic varieties of Malay.
Previous page page_31 next page > < previous page page_32 next page > Page 32 (iii) Questions concerning the agencies (if any) thought to be appropriate for dealing with matters of language and ethnicity. (iv) Questions dealing with perceived changes over time in the relative importance of Malay, English and other varieties (by domain)with reasons given for answers. ) will be in the future more important/as important/less important (in Domain "X") than/as it is today'. (v) Questions about the perceived need to support Malay and other indigenous languages (related to questions concerning the LWC role of English).
The important and generalisable issues are familiar ones in plural societies: simmering nationalisms, the question of indigenous and immigrant minorities and their treatment (and, indeed, the very nature of a 'minority'), state tolerance and/or promotion of ethnic identity (often through language policies), the tension between action on behalf of collectivities and that based upon individual rights and freedomsin short, all the constituents of the language-identity linkage. I should re-emphasise that these are not Canadian concerns alone, especially at a time when we are seeing the break-up and reconstitution of Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union.