By Louise A Bye; Neil C Modi; Miles Stanford
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Overlying the attachment is the lateral rectus. The inferior oblique achieves excyclotorsion by acting in a direction 53° to the optical axis. Relations Above—inferior rectus muscle and the eye. Below—the floor of the orbit. Muscle, action, and movement Primary, secondary, and tertiary muscle actions are defined by their order of amplitude, primary being the largest amplitude of movement. 4. 5). It is important to note that muscles do not work in isolation but depend on the position of the globe.
Optic nerve The optic nerve may be divided in terms of location: ● ● intraocular (1 mm) intraorbital (25 mm) 21 Chapter 1 Anatomy 22 (a) (b) Fig. 17 (a) The trochlear nerve, frontal nerve, lacrimal nerve, nasociliary nerve, and ciliary ganglion as viewed from above. (b) A lateral view of the frontal nerve, nasociliary nerve, and ciliary ganglion. Reproduced from David R. Jordan, Louise Mawn and Richard L. 8E, Page 140, 2012, with permission from Oxford University Press. Central nervous system 23 Fig.
The posterior ethmoidal foramen traverses the ethmoid bone and joins the orbit to the ethmoidal sinuses. The anterior and posterior ethmoidal nerves and arteries pass through these. The zygomaticofacial foramen lies on the lateral wall and floor, and transmits the zygomaticofacial nerve. The zygomaticotemporal foramen lies above this, close to the sphenozygomatic suture and it transmits the zygomaticotemporal nerve. The orbital vasculature The ophthalmic artery On exit from the cavernous sinus, the internal carotid artery releases its first branch, which is the ophthalmic artery (Fig.