By Beattie, B.R.
This quantity examines a mostly ignored Avignonese legation to Tuscany and the Papal States, and assesses its influence on Avignonese papal coverage in Italy.
Read Online or Download Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334 (Medieval Mediterranean) PDF
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Additional info for Angelus Pacis: The Legation of Cardinal Giovanni Gaetano Orsini, 1326-1334 (Medieval Mediterranean)
In 1314 the great Tuscan Ghibelline Uguccione della Faggiuola resurrected the Ghibelline League, which shattered a Guelf coalition at Montecatini the following year. When Clement succumbed to stomach cancer in April 1314, the papacy was no closer to Rome than it had been at the time of his election. 10 In responding to the situation in Italy, Clement took recourse to what would become a cornerstone of Avignonese papal policy in Italy: the extensive use of representative agents, and especially powerful 9 Martin Thilo, Das Recht der Entscheidung über Krieg und Frieden im Streite Kaiser Heinrichs VII.
The ﬁndings of Gui and Tour as related to the pope (1317) are found in Sigmund von Riezler, ed. Vatikanische Akten zur deutschen Geschichte in der Zeit Kaiser Ludwigs des Bayern (Innsbruck, 1891), pp. 22–39, #50 I–V. 6 See Lettres communes de Jean XXII, #12112. For Poujet’s legation see Ciaccio, Il cardinal legato Bertrando del Poggetto, and Carol Marcus, The Mission of Bertrand du Poujet, the Legate of Lombardy (1320–1334): The First Seven Years (unpublished dissertation; Toronto, 1977). 7 See Robert Michel, “Le procès de Matteo et de Galeazzo Visconti.
An older but still useful study, if largely conﬁned to the Lombard theater, is H. ,” Quellen und Forschungen aus Italienischen Archiven and Bibliotheken 14 (1911), pp. 140–265. 27 John’s Italian policy was a complex aﬀair. It operated on a number of diﬀerent levels, the connections between which are not always entirely clear. On one level, John tended to view Italy as the principal battleground in a larger struggle within Western Christendom between two broadly deﬁned coalitions of pro-papal and pro-imperial powers.