By Linda Weiss

For greater than part a century, the us has led the area in constructing significant applied sciences that force the fashionable economic climate and underpin its prosperity. In America, Inc., Linda Weiss attributes the U.S. skill for transformative innovation to the power of its nationwide safeguard nation, a fancy of companies, courses, and hybrid preparations that has constructed round the establishment of everlasting safety preparedness and the pursuit of technological supremacy. She examines how that complicated emerged and the way it has developed in line with altering geopolitical threats and household political constraints, from the chilly conflict interval to the post-9/11 era.

Weiss makes a speciality of state-funded enterprise capital cash, new varieties of expertise procurement through safeguard and security-related businesses, and innovation in robotics, nanotechnology, and renewable power because the Eighties. Weiss argues that the nationwide protection country has been the crucible for step forward strategies, a catalyst for entrepreneurship and the formation of recent companies, and a collaborative community coordinator for private-sector projects. Her e-book appraises continual myths in regards to the military-commercial dating on the middle of the nationwide safeguard nation. Weiss additionally discusses the consequences for figuring out U.S. capitalism, the yankee country, and the way forward for American primacy as financialized firms curtail funding in production and innovation.

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The American university was another institution remade by the Cold War and the rise of the NSS, and that in turn generated an industrial ecosystem. Both MIT and Stanford figured prominently in Pentagon patronage that established permanent labs designed to achieve strategic goals. At MIT, the Air Force’s Lincoln Lab (1950) in partnership with IBM created the SAGE air defense system (chapter 4). 23 On the west coast, Stanford University became a key institution in the growth of a radio and microelectronics industry that evolved into Silicon Valley.

Geopolitical developments, however, soon trumped balanced budgets. Following several successive events—the Soviet blockade of Berlin in June 1948, the “loss” of 500 million inhabitants of China to the communist camp in 1949, and the Soviets’ successful detonation of a nuclear weapon that same year—Truman and many of his closest advisers cast communism as a direct military threat, not just a dangerous subversive force. S. military buildup. It cited Soviet consolidation of power in eastern Europe as evidence of its expansionist intentions, and called for the West to contain the Soviet Union as justification for the United States to pursue a major buildup of its conventional military and nuclear forces.

I emphasize that the governed interdependence concept applies to situations in which a government body works with or through private actors and entities to achieve its own objectives, but at the same time maintains control over the goals to be pursued and the rules of participation. This does not mean that outcomes will always yield the results desired or that there will not be spectacular failures. Where technology development is concerned, however, the sharing of decision-making space (for example, devising problem sets while giving private actors a say in program design, not just implementation), has been found to produce more jointly productive results than if a program or policy is determined chiefly by state actors: compare the very high speed integrated circuit program and the Advanced Simulation Computing Initiative, discussed in chapters 4 and 5).

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