By K P Prabhakaran Nair
''This is an efficient substitute to the chemically propelled business agriculture of eco-friendly Revolution that has ended in antagonistic environmental fallout on Indian soils. Black Pepper has a chequered background. It was once in truth the 'spice warfare' among the Arabs, the Portuguese, the Dutch and the British that ended in the colonisation of India, which begun with the touchdown of Vasco da Gama on Kappad seashore. within the booklet, Prbhakaran Nair strains the beginning, historical past, international unfold, improvement, agronomy, meals, economic climate, international exchange, pharmacopoeia and finish items of the 2 spice plants of the area, referred to as the 'king' and 'queen' of spices. The e-book has been introduced via Elsevier overseas. The digital booklet has been introduced at the new 'Elsevier Insights' venture, a brand new inspiration in digital publishing.''--bnlive.in.com
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Additional info for Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom. The King and Queen of Spices
These are the areas that deserve thorough scientific scrutiny before value judgment can be made on the suitability or otherwise of growing companion crops with the main crop of pepper. 6 shows a field view of an Indian pepper plantation. 2 The Indonesian Experience Within Asia, next to India, Indonesia is the major pepper grower. Pepper was the first spice Indonesia traded with Europe through Persia and Arabia and prior to World War II, 80% of world production was controlled by Indonesia. It was the Japanese occupation during the war that left many pepper plantations uncared for, with the resulting decline in production.
It is not very hygienic, yet in most Indian situations, there seems to be no alternative. Mechanical threshers are a rarity, though they are in use in Indonesia and Malaysia. When mechanical threshers are used, the green spikes are slowly fed into the thresher, in which a rotating drum with aluminum blades removes the berries from the stalks. The speed of the rotation is adjusted to be neither too slow nor too fast. The spikes are fed into a moving drum with aluminum plates with suitable gaps; due to the mild stretching action, the berries are separated from the stalk.
Is another factor that must be keenly focused on in any breeding program in pepper for nematode resistance. Currently, efforts focus on developing tolerance to nematode infestation rather than developing absolute resistance. Also, efforts are being made to screen the currently available cultivars for their reaction to nematodes. For instance, in Sarawak (Malaysia), Kueh (1986) found cv. Uthirancotta to be the most susceptible cultivar, while cultivars such as Balancotta, Belantung, Cheriaka-niakkadan, Jambi, and Kalluvally are less susceptible to root knot nematodes under field conditions.