By K.P. Prabhakaran Nair

Known because the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.), either perennial plants of the tropics, are crucial and most generally wanted spice plants of the area. They either have many makes use of, for instance, either are used as flavourings and as a medicine.

This booklet presents a complete evaluation of those extremely important spice vegetation, protecting starting place, heritage, geographical distribution, creation, economic system and their uses.

  • Discusses the 2 significant spices of significant fiscal worth to the constructing world
  • The writer is an eminent scientist who has received various awards for his paintings during this area
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Additional resources for Agronomy and Economy of Black Pepper and Cardamom: The "King” and "Queen” of Spices

Example text

An arecanut– pepper combination gave 3832 kg ha1 of dry dehusked arecanut and 1418 kg ha1 of dry pepper (Nair and Gopalasundaram, 1993) from 1000 vines ha1. Companion cropping is common in Brazil as well, where an array of companion crops—such as rubber, cocoa, orange, lemon, and clove—are extensively tried. Though growing mixed companion crops in pepper gardens is a practice in many situations, it needs to be clearly understood that when inter-specific crops are grown in association, the biological implications could be diverse.

Pruning of the terminal part, though not extensively practiced in India, encourages growth and bearing (Kurien and Nair, 1988). When a pepper plantation is established, starting from the beginning of the year, specific operations are to be followed. In the first 2 months, starting from January, when harvesting is completed, pruning the hanging shoots, tying vines, and mulching the basin are done. In the following 2 months, diseased vines are removed and the pits could be filled with topsoil, 1 kg of lime, and 5 kg of farmyard manure mixture.

1987). Response functions to potassium fertilizer application indicated that pepper needs a very high dose of potassium (270 kg K2O ha1) for high yield (Sadanandan, 1990). 0 g vine1) as reported by Adzemi et al. (1993). Most pepper growers adopt varying nitrogen-tophosphorus-to-potassium (N:P:K) ratios, while Pillai et al. (1979) suggest an optimum ratio of 5:5:10 for nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to obtain the maximum yield. As far as the secondary nutrients (calcium, magnesium, and sulfur) are concerned, the only published work refers to calcium indirectly, through the effect of liming.

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