By D. Virgil Alfaro III et al.
- Learn from a popular team of retina surgeons who tackle all facets of administration, together with anatomy, body structure, and pathophysiology; imaging of the macula in ARMD, prevention measures and therapy; and destiny instructions within the field.
- Gain an excellent starting place in intravenous fluorescein angiography, indocyanine eco-friendly angiography, and optical coherence tomography, in addition to antiVEGE remedy and similar new medicines, optimizing your prognosis and remedy options.
- Understand the numerous swap within the category approach of choroidal neovascular membranes in ARMD.
- Get up to date info on treating ARMD secondary to geographic atrophy via telephone transplantation and pharmacologic therapies.
- Easily visualize key features of ARMD due to high quality illustrations and photographs.
- Find the data you wish speedy via referencing person chapters that provide complete and inclusive assurance of the subject at hand.
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Additional info for Age-Related Macular Degeneration
Importantly, no deposits were found in any of the control mice. These results indicate that ApoE3Leiden mice can be used as an animal model for the pathogenesis of basal laminar deposits and that a HF-C diet enhances the accumulation process. Furthermore, this study supports the previously suggested involvement of dysfunctional ApoE in the accumulation of extracellular deposits in the human disease (45,46). ■■ ApoB100 transgenic mice: ApoB100 is the major apolipoprotein in LDL cholesterol. Lipoprotein particles in the BM have been shown to contain ApoB100.
Chapter 2 Animal Models for Age-Related Macular Degeneration 21 exhibited changes to the BM and had increased basal laminar deposits (25,99). Plus, several mice exhibit invasion of the choriocapillaris into the BM suggestive of early AMD. Wild-type mice treated with hydroquinone in their drinking water develop decreased expression of Ccl-2 in the RPE and choroid and demonstrated altered ratios of proangiogenic VEGF versus antiangiogenic pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) (100). Therefore, it was hypothesized that hydroquinone may raise the risk of CNV by disturbing the normal balance between angiogenic factors.
All Rights Reserved. Chapter 2 Animal Models for Age-Related Macular Degeneration 25 have an important quantitative component, care must be taken during processing so that pathology of each laser site can be correlated with its in vivo angiographic progression. Histochemical visualization and immunochemical methods using antibodies may contribute in detecting endothelial cells and thereby neoformed vessels (187,191). However, histologic examinations are overall demanding and timeconsuming processes, which may be also limited by the technical difficulty to achieve adequate sampling, as was previously mentioned.