By Wan Renpu
As soon as a common fuel or oil good is drilled, and it's been demonstrated that commercially practicable, it needs to be "completed" to permit for the movement of petroleum or traditional gasoline out of the formation and as much as the outside. This procedure comprises: casing, strain and temperature review, and the right kind instillation of apparatus to make sure an effective stream out of the good. in recent times, those strategies were enormously superior via new applied sciences. complex good crowning glory Engineering summarizes and explains those advances whereas offering professional suggestion for deploying those new step forward engineering structures. The e-book has subject matters: one, the belief of stopping harm, and combating formation from drilling into an oil formation to placing the good advent degree; and , the usage of nodal procedure research procedure, which optimizes the strain distribution from reservoir to good head, and performs the sensitivity research to layout the tubing diameters first after which the creation casing dimension, to be able to in achieving complete method optimization. With this publication, drilling and creation engineers might be capable of increase operational potency through employing the newest cutting-edge know-how in all elements of good crowning glory in the course of improvement drilling-completion and paintings over operations.One of the single books dedicated to the foremost applied sciences for all significant features of complex good crowning glory activities.Unique insurance of all facets of good final touch actions according to 25 years within the exploration, construction and of completion industry.Matchless in-depth technical recommendation for reaching operational excellence with strengthen suggestions.
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Extra info for Advanced Well Completion Engineering, 3rd Edition
Therefore, the salt sensitivity evaluation experiment is used to determine the critical salinity generating salt sensitivity and the degree of formation damage caused by salt sensitivity, thus providing a basis for the designs of various working fluids. Experimental Procedure and Result Analysis. Salt water with a different salinity, formulated in accordance with the chemical composition of formation water, is injected into the core, and the core permeability for salt water under different salinity is measured.
After the salinity decreases to the distilled water, the core permeability when the salinity is restored to the formation water salinity is then measured. The permeability value is much lower than the core permeability of the initial formation water. This indicates that the salt sensitivity damage is decreasing. Results of the salt sensitivity experiment of increasing salinity for the Tuha Hill oil field are shown in Figure 1-9 and Table 1-18. It is obvious that the core permeability decreases gradually as the salt water salinity increases in stages.
Potential damage of various types of clay minerals In various physicochemical properties of clay minerals, the particulate properties, including specific surface area, cation-exchange capacity, and hydrophilicity, are of great importance to potential formation damage and protection measures. The types and degrees of damage resulting from the different clay minerals reflect substantially the differences of physicochemical properties between the clay minerals. Common types of clay minerals are as follows.