By Timothy A. Salthouse

For it slow now, the examine of cognitive improvement has been a ways and away the main energetic self-discipline inside developmental psychology. even supposing there will be a lot confrontation as to the precise share of papers released in developmental journals which may be thought of cognitive, 50% sounds like a conservative estimate. accordingly, a chain of scholarly books to be dedicated to paintings in cognitive improvement is principally applicable at the present. The Springer sequence in Cognitive improvement includes easy forms of books, specifically, edited collections of unique chapters through a number of authors, and unique volumes written by means of one writer or a small staff of authors. The flagship for the Springer sequence is a serial booklet of the "advances" style, sporting the subtitle growth in Cognitive improvement examine. Volumes within the growth series are strongly thematic, in that every is proscribed to a few well-defined area of cognitive-developmental examine (e. g. , logical and mathematical improvement, semantic development). All development volumes are edited collections. Editors of such books, upon session with the sequence Editor, might select to have their works released both as contributions to the growth series or as separate volumes. All books written through one writer or a small team of authors may be released as separate volumes in the sequence. a pretty vast definition of cognitive improvement is getting used within the number of books for this series.

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Extra resources for Adult Cognition: An Experimental Psychology of Human Aging

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Difficulties of Theorizing in Adult Development 41 Some researchers in aging have attempted to avoid this difficulty by utilizing existing theories in a parent or related discipline to serve as the framework for interpreting results in aging studies. For example, a researcher interested in perception and aging might adopt one of the theoretical perspectives from contemporary perception research to serve as the framework for guiding and interpreting investigations of age differences in perception.

One of these involves determining whether any of the existing theories can serve to organize a substantial amount of data, or whether completely new theories will have to be developed. Facts are accumulating at a rapidly accelerating pace in the field of adult cognition, and unless theoretical frameworks are available to organize these facts they may become overwhelming and consequently be ignored because they are impossible to assimilate. A second advantage of examining theoretical models of aging is to determine the practical significance of the current research on the psychology of aging.

3. Theoretical Considerations It is generally recognized that the two primary functions of a scientific theory are to provide a framework for organizing and integrating the existing results, and to suggest directions for future research by specifying important issues for investigation. Both organization and direction seem to be lacking in the current literature on adult cognition and thus there is evidently a great need for theoretical development in this area. Charles (1973), Birren and Renner (1977), and Birren, Woods, and Williams (1980) have also argued that more theories are needed because the predominantly problem- and dataoriented nature of contemporary adult developmental psychology has resulted in a loosely related collection of concepts and hypotheses in which experimentation is often limited to narrow, and frequently trivial, problems.

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