By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of outdated English, quantity 1: Phonology was once a landmark ebook that during the intervening years has no longer been passed in its intensity of scholarship and value to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous ebook of Richard M. Hogg’s Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this whole work.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of previous English experiences and in linguistic theory
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of Old English venture at Toronto, and contains complete cross-references to the DOE data
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative thought and comparable topics
- Provides fabric the most important for destiny learn either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in old sociolinguistics
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Extra info for A Grammar of Old English
1 Examples of /b/ are: bindan ‘bind’, climban ‘climb’, lamb ‘lamb’, sib(b) ‘relationship’. Examples of /bb/ are habban ‘have’, swebban ‘kill’. ’. 58, but there is also a regular alternation between /bb/ and non-geminate /f/ (=[v]), for example, Ps(A) habba¨ ‘they have’ against hafa¨ ‘he has’. 1 Exceptionally /b/ appears to occur medially in the pet-name † Saba, cited and discussed in Clark (1992). 55. 2 In eNbr texts 〈b〉 is normally replaced by 〈f〉, but note CædH(M) 6 heben ‘heaven’ alongside 1 hefaen-, CædH(L) hefen, LRid ob ‘from’ (2¥).
32–4, imply that originally the second element of all diphthongs was a high back rounded vowel, but this element, possibly to be transcribed as nonsyllabic [u], was soon to be lowered to a mid or low vowel, according to the height of the syllabic element. It seems most probable that there was eventually a reduction of the second element to an unstressed centralized schwa vowel [v], but this process must have varied from dialect to dialect, possibly being earliest in Angl and least common in Kt.
The consistency of the spellings in EpGl, ErfGl, however, indicate that at that time, possibly only in Merc, [b] was still an allophone of /b/ rather than /f/. 58. 53. 10, closely related to CorpGl, has no such examples of 〈b〉. For a listing of forms and discussion, see Chadwick (1899: 232–40), also Wynn (1956: §109), Pheifer (1974: §69). 3 In wbobud 〈b〉 may represent [b], see Campbell (1959: §461n3), and nwfre, nwbre is of uncertain etymology. Other forms are probably Latinisms, see Brunner (1965: §191A2), Cosijn (1888a: §130), which leaves only frbbranne as reliable.